Ametrine is a relatively new gem term, and the word is a combination of Amethyst and Citrine. Ametrine is a unique gemstone in that it is essentially combined of two separate gemstones. Although Amethyst, the purple variety of Quartz, and Citrine, the yellow/orange variety of Quartz belong to the same scientific mineral classification, they have always been distinguished as individual gemstones. The unique color combination of Ametrine has sparked an interest and appeal to this distinctive gemstone. The only significant source of Ametrine is the Anahí Mine in Bolivia. The mine is operated by Minerales y Metales del Oriente. This mine is for all practical purposes the only source of Ametrine available in the gem trade. Although this gemstone deposit has been known to the natives for several hundred years, it is only since the 1980's that it has been worked on a commercial level. In the early days of commercial production of this mine, the locality was a bit obscured and dealers were frequently selling the gems with localities such as Brazil and Uruguay. Although Ametrine is known to have been found naturally in a few other South American Amethyst deposits, the finds are very sporadic and not economically important. Each Ametrine has its combination of colors in a different pattern. Ametrine gems are most often cut to product a stone half purple and half golden, although sometimes both colors are present as a mixture or other percentages are used. Sometimes a rounded checkerboard pattern is present on the stone with a clear distinction between the Amethyst and Citrine. Ametrine can be artificially created by partial heat treatment of certain Amethyst or by irradiation. Lab-produced synthetic Ametrine has also been simulated. However, despite Ametrine's rarity in that its occurrence is restricted to one locality, Ametrine is relatively affordable and synthetic forms are not really in demand.
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